Objective : Heart rate variability (HRV) provides valuable information in various clinical settings. Limited information exists on changes in cardiac autonomic modulation in extremely obese patients (BMI>40). The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of extreme (morbid) obesity and concomitant diseases on cardiovascular autonomic function.
Methods : Participants of this study are 40 women and 40 men in mean age 47,9 years old diagnosed with morbid obesity (mean BMI =47,49) and hospitalized to further bariatric treatment. In 42 patients diagnosed with hypertension (treated with beta blockers and ACE inhibitors along with well controlled blood pressure), type 2 diabetes (treatment with the oral drugs) also occurred. In studied group, chronic diseases affecting autonomic nervous system were not diagnosed. Total of 80 healthy (40 women and 40 men) in mean age 42,7 years old and with mean BMI= 24,6 were formed in group of controls. All of patients had 24-hour ECG monitoring with Holter method in order to evaluate the autonomic activity with time and frequency domain analysis (heart rate variability - HRV).
Results: Obese group showed a significant reduction of parasympathetic activity and a significant increase in sympathetic activity. No significant differences in cardiac autonomic modulation were noted between the Hypertensive-Diabetic patients and those, only with morbid obesity. Further prospective study can be undertaken within the same subjects to evaluate the effect of weight loss on the cardiac autonomic activity.
Discussion : Reports by other authors are in favor of our findings and they mentioned that obese persons suffer from an increased mortality risk supposedly due to cardiovascular disorders related to either continuously lowered parasympathetic or heightened sympathetic activation. Studies have also documented reduced HRV among overweight and obese individuals.
Conclusion : Extreme obesity altered cardiac autonomic activity independently of hypertension and diabetes.
Head of Internal Diseases Department
Military Institute of Aviation Medicine
Prof. Ewelina Zawadzka-Bartczak has reach experience in internal medicine, especially in cardiology. She has a specialization of first and second degree in internal medicine and a second degree specialization in cardiology.Her research interests are primarily related to internal medicine, cardiology and aviation medicine. She participated in numerous scientific projects of cardiovascular system reactions under the influence of acceleration and low pressure conditions, as well as in various diseases. Prof. Zawadzka-Bartczak is the author of more than 90 scientific publications.
She is a member of the Polish Aviation Medicine Society and the Polish Cardiological Society. She was a reviewer of many scientific publications and doctoral thesis.
Cardinal Wyszyński University, Warsaw-Poland
Dagmara Anna Bartczak, psychologist, graduated from the Warsaw University in the field of Clinical Neuropsychology. In addition, she gained juridical powers in the field of Traffic and Transport Psychology. She almost finished her doctoral degree. She develops her knowledge by participating in courses and at international conferences.
Research interests relate to the aspects of clinical neuropsychology - diagnosis of cognitive functioning disorders and cognitive rehabilitation as well as psychophysiology. She participated in scientific projects assessing cognitive functioning in various groups and environmental conditions. The doctoral dissertation concerns the assessment of the influence of autonomic nervous activity on cognitive and emotional functions in women with cardiovascular diseases.
- autonomic nervous system
- cognitive functions